Copper has very long trails of use in human history and it is probably first non-precious metal employed by the Sumerians and Chaldeans somewhere between 5,000 and 6,000 years ago. These peoples developed considerable skills in fabricating copper and the rudiments of craftsmanship spread to people of Egypt. First three thousand years, copper was the basic material and occupied a position similar to that of iron in modern technology.
Ancient healers have understood the value of copper in obtaining and maintaining optimum health. Copper in Ancient Egypt was considered as ''Fountain of Youth''. From these times we still have a fountains in almost every city and town around the world where people can drop their piece of copper to maintain water clean and believe it will bring them health and happiness. Human body has 99% ''water'' and if you keep this water in your body clean you have much larger chance to live longer and happier life. Copper was applied topically or ingested in many forms of copper or copper compounds - copper carbonate, copper silicate, copper oxide, copper sulfate, copper chloride, etc.) were used throughout history for the treatment of different diseases. You still can find a lot of homeopathic recipes including copper in one or another form. Copper has been used for medicinal purposes as far back as ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome as well as in the ancient Aztec civilization. Well known, copper in form of bracelets and ointments have been part of folk medicine to deal with painful joints and muscles.
Some people think that wearing a copper bracelet has a placebo effect on arthritis patients, but researchers came to a conclusion that wearing a copper bracelet on your wrist or ankle can have a therapeutic value.
Copper itself is not magnetic, you can test it with old copper coin and magnet. But in the interaction of copper with a strong magnet in the video Lenz’s Law could be observed.
Archeological discoveries around the World show us that common patterns were used in different ancient cultures for copper made jewelry and this fact leads us to believe, that copper had to have some kind of influence on human health conditions.
Ancient jewelry found in different places on the Earth seems has some similarities. Common photos with ancient copper spiral jewelry you can find all around the internet from China and Tanzania, Europe. These pieces of jewelry have not just a part of local culture, but they are witnesses of common values of the human race.
Are these widely used Chinese acupuncture needles preserve still living ancient healing tradition?
Ayurvedic texts recommend drinking water stored in copper because copper is believed to have anti-microbial, antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic and anti-inflammatory properties. It’s an essential mineral for our body and medical studies have proved the benefits of drinking water stored in copper jugs. Water acquires a certain quality from the copper which is very good for your liver in particular and your health and energy in general.
Water stored in copper pots for 16 hours at room temperature considerably reduced the presence of harmful microbes and bacteria. Copper surfaces killed 97% of hospital ICU bacteria that can cause infections, resulting in 40% decrease in the infection rates.
Copper oxide may be easily incorporated into textiles such as socks as well as dressings. Copper oxide is the most naturally occurring and abundant form of copper available. Being a non-soluble compound, it allows a slow and steady release of copper in the presence of humidity and moisture, which is ideal for use in socks.
Surface waters of the Mediterranean Sea are enriched in copper, that gives the blue color of Cote d’Azur (Azure Coast), or Blue coast, for the deep blue color of the Mediterranean sea, that in hot summer days becomes bright turquoise. Reflected sunlight determines the color of the sea. Tropical islands have turquoise seas because the water absorbs blue and reflects the red in the sunlight. If you go diving, you will notice that the water become bluer the deeper you go. This is because only the blue light waves are able to penetrate deep waters. Sometimes when there is a storm at sea, the water can look even black. The dark storm skies leave no light for the water to reflect.
Copper is not a very common element in the soil, but it is crucial element or plants and animals. Inorganic soils are considered deficient if they contain less than 4 ppm of copper and organic soil if they contain less than 20-30 ppm of copper.
By development of new nano technologies copper is one of the most used mineral metal, because of its unique properties like high ductility, malleability, thermal and electrical conductivity and resistance to corrosion. These unique properties make it an essential mineral in our everyday lives. It’s most common applications are electrical wiring, electronics, plumbing, building construction, and transportation.
Pure copper’s melting point is 1,981 degrees Fahrenheit – it’s most important properties include superior heat transfer, electrical conductivity, and corrosion resistance. Copper easily alloys with other metals – there are more than 570 copper alloys in existence.
Among various metal nanoparticles, Copper nanoparticles is an important semiconductor with a band gap of 2.1 eV. Copper is commonly used as a pigment, a fungicide, and an antifouling agent for marine paints.
Nano sized copper particles show specific physical and chemical properties that allow the creation of new composites materials, which are important for multiple applications in biology and medicine such as infections control. In recent years technology copper has been applied as a key partner in the emergence of the nano tech more focused on the development of new methods to synthesize, study, analyze, and modify particles and nano sized structures, less than 100 nm.
The schematic illustration of the cross-section and phases observed during copper oxidation. The center photo shows the copper being pushed upward through the grain boundaries to become nano wires. Credit: Parag Banerjee
It has been shown that the physical properties of the metal nanoparticles are different from the bulk metal, made of the same atoms, which has taken great interest in their promising applications, such as incorporate antibacterial properties as well as their incorporation in pharmaceuticals and textiles and as photo catalysis, electrical conductors, biochemical sensors, and oxidative capacity so as to modify the surface properties of other materials like cosmetic pigments.
Copper compound color can change by the different amount of oxygen in it. It could be your first testing of homemade copper oxides.
Copper nano particles have excellent physicochemical properties, high electrical conduction and good biocompatibility and high surface activity, and therefore they are promising for magnetic nano devices and multiple electronic and medical applications as well as their incorporation in materials and medicines - copper disinfects, help to heal burns and different infections.
But in the brain, you have the copper as astrocytes and they are considered as important regulators of copper homeostasis. Impairments of homeostatic mechanisms in brain copper metabolism have been associated with neuron disorders and degeneration in humans such as Menkes, Wilson's (excess copper) and Alzheimer's diseases.
Copper is an essential element for some metabolic processes, but at low concentrations because large doses could be serious consequences in the metabolic performance.
Besides copper is also an essential trace element needed for the proper functioning of many enzymes in biological systems and the adult need is between 1 and 1.5 mg copper per day.
Copper is a mineral. It is found in many foods, particularly in organ meats, seafood, nuts, seeds, wheat bran cereals, grain products, and cocoa products. The body stores copper mostly in the bones and muscles. The liver regulates the amount of copper that is in the blood.
Copper is used for treating copper deficiency and the anemia it may cause. Having too little copper (copper deficiency) is rare. It sometimes occurs in people who get too much zinc from diet or supplements, has intestinal bypass surgery, or are fed by feeding tubes. Malnourished infants can also have copper deficiency.
Copper is also used for improving wound healing, and treating osteoarthritis and brittle bones or osteoporosis.
There is no evidence that people who eat a normal diet need copper supplements. Not even athletes need extra copper if they have a good diet.
The adult body contains between 1.4 and 2.1mg of copper per kilogram of body weight or up to 100-150 mg in the body. Hence a healthy human weighing 60 kilograms contains approximately a tenth of one gram of copper. However, this small amount is essential to the overall human well-being.
Image credit to http://copperalliance.org.uk/copper-and-society/health
Copper combines with certain proteins to produce enzymes that act as catalysts to help a number of body functions. Some help provides energy required by biochemical reactions. Others are involved in the transformation of melanin for pigmentation of the skin and still, others help to form cross-links in collagen and elastin and thereby maintain and repair connective tissues. This is especially important for the heart and arteries. Research suggests that copper deficiency is one factor leading to an increased risk of developing coronary heart disease.
Daily intake should range from 0.4mg/day for 1-3 year old children to 1.2mg/day ( 2-3 mg.day) for adults. In addition, more recent studies are suggesting that there are serious doubts concerning the adequacy of diets containing less than lmg copper/day for adults.Intake of copper should not exceed 12mg/day for adult males and 10mg/day for adult females.
Excess body copper can be removed by means of specific chelating agents or by the consumption of high levels of zinc.
Copper containing food is most nuts (especially brazils and cashews), seeds (especially poppy and sunflower), chickpeas, liver, and oysters. Natural foods such as cereals, meat, and fish generally contain sufficient copper to provide up to 50% of the required copper intake in a balanced diet.
Copper is readily available in a range of foods and normal balanced diets should provide adequate daily amounts of copper without the need for additional supplements. Body use Cu+ and Cu2+ ions.
Fruit oxidation is caused by copper contained enzymes, that turn fresh apple slices dark and green tea to black.
Copper is absorbed in the stomach and duodenum, stored in the liver and excreted in the bile.
Copper is also a vital dietary nutrient, although only small amounts of the metal are needed for well-being. Although copper is the third most abundant trace metal in the body [behind iron and zinc], the total amount of copper in the body is only 75-100 milligrams. Copper is present in every tissue of the body but is stored primarily in the liver, with fewer amounts found in the brain, heart, kidney, and muscles.
Image source http://skinbiology.com/copper-the-protective-antiaging-metal.html
Approximately 90% of the copper in the blood is incorporated into ceruloplasmin, which is responsible for carrying copper to tissues that need the mineral. Since excretion of copper is so slow (10% in 72 hours) an excessive dose of Cu is a lingering problem. Proper absorption and metabolism of copper require an appropriate balance with the minerals zinc and manganese. Because zinc can compete with copper in the small intestine and interfere with its absorption, persons who supplement with inappropriately high levels of zinc and lower levels of copper may increase their risk of copper deficiency.
Maintaining the proper dietary balance of Cu, along with other minerals such as zinc and manganese, is important and will be explained in future blog posts.
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