What is plasma?
This question as seems not so easy to answer as it sounds because plasma can be very different not only from scientific point of view but also from metaphysical meaning. In physics and biology plasma has different definitions. I will try briefly explaining and describing it and what it means plasma for us as researchers. After reading this article I think you will get general concept of its meaning.
From Latin plasma, from Greek plasma means "something molded or created," hence "image, figure; counterfeit, forgery; formed style, affectation’.
Going Deep Into Space Under 100nm Plasma Field. The theory of electrodynamics developed by Maxwell in the 19th century very successfully describes the interaction of magnetic and electric fields and their propagation in free space. In its original form, it fails, however, in the description of the interaction with matter. To read more click here.
In cosmology: Fundamentally cosmos mostly is filled up with plasma, in my point of view all is plasma just in different expression of formed, or molded, exactly as this word means. However plasma cosmology is a non-standard cosmology whose central postulate is that the dynamics of ionized gases and plasmas play important, if not dominant, roles in the physics of the Universe, which may explain the formation, development, and evolution of cosmic bodies in the Universe as influenced by electromagnetism. Some theoretical concepts about plasma cosmology originated with Hannes Alfvén inspired by the earlier work of Kristian Birkeland credit with producing one of the first laboratory models of the Earth’s aurora in the early 1900s, Nobel prize-winning physicist Irving Langmuir who did significant work on plasma, Alfvén postulated in 1937, that if plasma pervaded the Universe, then it could carry electric currents that could generate a galactic magnetic field.
In physics: Plasma is a state of matter in which an ionized gaseous substance becomes highly electrically conductive to the point that long-range electric and magnetic fields dominate the behavior of the matter. The plasma is fourth state of matter after solid, liquid, and gas, which barely mentioned in modern schools. I am just wondering why!? Why physics and biology are not linked together as science subject in schools, they still are studied separately or if merged together explained in very weak and shallow level? In my point of view it has to be merged together. It would explain a lot of things in our nature. My guess it is with intention with the same principle - divide and rule, applied for whole society and its educational system.
This type of plasma is very widely used in plasma energy research or material transmutation. Main concept is clean energy, known also as ITER, plasmas and nuclear fusion. Fusion is the process occurring within the plasma core of our Sun in which the nuclei of lighter atoms link to form a heavier atom. For example, when hydrogen nuclei collide, they can fuse into heavier helium nuclei and release tremendous amounts of energy in the process.
Nonthermal plasma, cold plasma or non-equilibrium plasma is plasma, which is not in thermodynamic equilibrium, because the electron temperature is much hotter than the temperature of heavy species, as only electrons are thermalized. A kind of common nonthermal plasma is a fluorescent lamp, where the "electron gas" reaches a temperature of 20,000 K (19,700 °C; 35,500 °F) while the rest of the gas, ions and neutral atoms, stays barely above room temperature, so the bulb can even be touched with hands while operating. Everyone knows plasma lamps or plasma globe it can be in various shapes and sizes is a clear glass container filled with a mixture of various noble gases with a high-voltage electrode in the center of the container. Well know neon signs also are plasma. Nikola Tesla invented the plasma lamp, during his experimentation with high-frequency currents in an evacuated glass tube for the purpose of studying high voltage phenomena. Tesla called his invention an "inert gas discharge tube".
At that high temperature the lightning column is a plasma, a gas with many of its atoms broken into electrically charged particles, both negatively charged electrons and positively charged ions. Lightning plays a big role forming and molding life on the Earth.
When the charged particles or plasma from the Sun penetrate Earth's magnetic shield, they are channelled downwards along the magnetic field lines until they strike atoms of gas in the atmosphere by creating plasma. The interaction with excited oxygen atoms generates a green or, more rarely, red glow in the night sky, while excited nitrogen atoms yield blue and purple colours.
Of course everyone knows a plasma screens for TV's and computer displays. Basically flat panel display that uses small cells containing plasma: ionized gas or liquid crystals that responds to electromagnetic fields and more over.
Electromagnetic energy is a very interesting subject around the World in various fields from simple households, health and space tech throughout the human history. As it has very wide appliance for human development and evolution, it has been kept in secret and there is very little knowledge available for public or it is presented in a controlled manner of understanding. To read more click here.
Plasma is used also in mineralogy. Not only calling different types of minerals particularly blend with quartz but used also different types plasma for production or mineral extraction.
These thermal or nonthermal plasmas are used very widely in different industries like medicine, food or metallurgy, like cutting, coating or else. Everywhere where our daily basic needs are.
NASA and space secret programmes are very involved in plasma research and development for spacecraft. Such as UFO technology claims to based on plasma technology.
In biology: For me not surprisingly plasma was already well known and described by William Harvey in de Mortu Cordis in 1628, but knowledge of it probably extends as far back as Vesalius (1514–1564). The discovery of fibrinogen by William Henson in 1770 made it easier to study plasma.
Blood plasma is a yellowish liquid component of blood that holds the blood cells in whole blood in suspension. It is the liquid part of the blood that carries cells and proteins throughout the body. It makes up about 55% of the body's total blood volume. It is the intravascular fluid part of all body fluid outside cells. It is mostly water up to 95%, and contains important dissolved proteins (6–8%) (e.g. serum albumins, globulins, and fibrinogen), glucose, clotting factors, electrolytes (Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO3−, Cl−, and other trace essential minerals.), hormones, carbon dioxide (plasma being the main medium for excretory product transportation), and oxygen. It plays a vital role in an intravascular osmotic effect that keeps electrolyte concentration balanced and protects the body from infection and other blood disorders.
Zinc Fireworks Reveal Quality of Human Egg In a study published in Scientific Reports, Northwestern researchers have discovered that when the human egg is activated by a sperm enzyme, an explosion of zinc sparks erupt. The size of the eruption is directly related to the health of the egg and its ability to develop into a viable embryo.
Credit: CC0 Public Domain
When an egg cell of almost any sexually reproducing species is fertilized, it sets off a series of waves that ripple across the egg's surface. These waves are produced by billions of activated proteins that surge through the egg's membrane like streams of tiny burrowing sentinels, signaling the egg to start dividing, folding, and dividing again, to form the first cellular seeds of an organism.In each egg, the team introduced a protein to mimic the onset of fertilization, and recorded the pattern of waves that rippled across their surfaces in response. They observed that each wave emerged in a spiral pattern, and that multiple spirals whirled across an egg's surface at a time. Some spirals spontaneously appeared and swirled away in opposite directions, while others collided head-on and immediately disappeared. The behavior of these swirling waves, the researchers realized, is similar to the waves generated in other, seemingly unrelated systems, such as the vortices in quantum fluids, the circulations in the atmosphere and oceans, and the electrical signals that propagate through the heart and brain. ... To read full artilce click here. source phys.org
(I would just replace quantum to plasma and would make more sense)
In cell biology, the cytoplasm is all of the material within a cell, enclosed by the cell membrane, except for the cell nucleus. The material inside the nucleus and contained within the nuclear membrane is termed the nucleoplasm. The main components of the cytoplasm are cytosol – a gel-like substance, the organelles – the cell's internal sub-structures, and various cytoplasmic inclusions. The cytoplasm is about 80% water and usually colorless. Similar to the cytoplasm of a cell, the nucleus contains nucleoplasm, also known as karyoplasm, or nucleus sap. The nucleoplasm is a type of protoplasm, and is enveloped by the nuclear envelope (also known as the nuclear membrane). The nucleoplasm includes the chromosomes and nucleolus. Many substances such as nucleotides (necessary for purposes such as DNA replication) and enzymes (which direct activities that take place in the nucleus) are dissolved in the nucleoplasm. The soluble, liquid portion of the nucleoplasm is called the nucleosol or nuclear hyaloplasm, groundplasm, is the liquid found inside cells. It is separated into compartments by membranes. For example, the mitochondrial matrix separates the mitochondrion into many compartments. Protoplasm is the living part of a cell that is surrounded by a plasma membrane.
As you see basically water in our bodies is not simply water but as plasma or liquid plasma crystals, which helps us mold and form. Otherwise you would like to be as balloon filled with water or leek like birch juice in spring when incised. Such believe is a misleading concept about water in our bodies.
Dr. Gerald Pollack, takes us on a fantastic travel in the realm of water, showing us a hidden universe teeming with physical activity— providing simple explanations for common everyday phenomena, which you have inevitably seen but not really understood. When touching most surfaces, water transforms itself into so-called EZ (Exclusion Zone) water; also known as structured or scientifically clustered water or fourth phase water. EZ water, whose formula is H3O2, differs dramatically from H2O. The water inside our cells is more structured or ordered – it has a negative charge and it functions like a battery. When you drink vegetable juice, you are drinking cell water or EZ water – because plants have cells and the liquid inside of them is EZ. Water itself is constantly changing plasma with crystalline structures.
René Quinton (1866–1925), was a French physiologist and aviation pioneer. At the end of the 19th century, Quinton worked with Étienne-Jules Marey, Member of academy of medicine and president of the academy of sciences. Quinton worked as assistant at the Laboratoire de Pathologie Physiologique in the Collège de France. He studied temperatures and salt concentration between species. Quinton observed that ocean water is quite similar to human blood plasma and made it drinkable and injectable.
In metaphysics: Ectoplasm (from the Greek ektos, meaning "outside", and plasma, meaning "something formed or molded") is a term used in spiritualism to denote a substance or spiritual energy "exteriorized" by physical mediums. It was coined in 1894 by psychical researcher Charles Richet. Although the term is widespread in popular culture, the physical existence of ectoplasm is not accepted by science.
Plasma and Liquid Crystals - Liquid plasma crystals are a state of matter, which has properties between those of conventional liquids and those of solid crystals. For instance, a liquid crystal may flow like a liquid, but its molecules may be oriented in a crystal-like way. There are many different types of liquid crystal phases, which can be distinguished by their different optical properties, such as textures. The contrasting areas in the textures correspond to domains where the liquid plasma crystal molecules are oriented in different directions. Within a domain, however, the molecules are well ordered. Liquid plasma crystal materials may not always be in a liquid crystal state of matter, just as water may turn into ice or water vapor. That makes these materials so attractive in our research and product development. Colloidal plasmas may condense under certain conditions into liquid and crystalline states, while retaining their essential plasma properties. This plasma condensation therefore leads to new states of matter: liquid plasmas and plasma crystals. Liquid plasma crystals can be in phases and consist mostly of organic molecules and minerals. Examples of liquid crystals can be found both in the natural world and in technological applications. For example, many proteins and cell membranes are liquid plasma crystals. Other well-known examples of liquid plasma crystals are solutions of soap. Liquid plasma crystalline phases are abundant in living systems. In particular, biological membranes and cell membranes are a form of liquid plasma crystal. Many other biological structures exhibit liquid plasma crystal behavior. For instance, the concentrated protein solution that is extruded by a spider to generate silk is, in fact, a liquid plasma crystal phase. The precise ordering of molecules in silk is critical to its renowned strength. DNA and many polypeptides, including actively driven cytoskeletal filaments, can also form liquid plasma crystal phases. Examples of liquid crystals can also be found in the mineral world. For example, water-containing minerals will form liquid plasma water by structuralizing the water itself, thus water will fill the space between particular minerals and form liquid plasma water. The ability of the director to align along an external field is caused by the electric nature of the molecules or minerals. Permanent electric dipoles result when one end of a molecule has a net positive charge while the other end has a net negative charge. When an external electric field is applied to the liquid plasma crystals, the dipole molecules tend to orient themselves along the direction of the field. Even if a molecule does not form a permanent dipole, it can still be influenced by an electric field. In some cases, the field produces slight rearrangement of electrons and protons in molecules such that an induced electric dipole results. While not as strong as permanent dipoles, orientation with the external field still occurs.
Some important aspect about plasmons. In physics, a plasmon is a quantum of plasma oscillation. Just as light (an optical oscillation) consists of photons, the plasma oscillation consists of plasmons. The plasmon can be considered as a quasiparticle since it arises from the quantization of plasma oscillations, just like phonons are quantizations of mechanical vibrations. Thus, plasmons are collective oscillations of the free electron gas density. For example, at optical frequencies, plasmons can couple with a photon to create another quasiparticle called a plasmon polariton. Plasmons play a large role of minerals. Frequencies of light below the plasma frequency are reflected by a mineral crystals because the electrons in the material the electric field of the light. A material transmits light of frequencies above the plasma frequency because the electrons in the material cannot respond fast enough to screen it. In most minerals crystals, the plasma frequency is in the ultraviolet, making them shiny (reflective) in the visible range. Some metals, such as copper, zinc, silver and gold, have electronic interband transitions in the visible range, whereby specific light energies (colors) are absorbed, yielding their distinct color.
Gold nano particle
More recently surface plasmons have been used to control colors of materials. This is possible since controlling the particle's shape and size determines the types of surface plasmons that can be coupled into and propagate across it. This, in turn, controls the interaction of light with the surface. These effects are illustrated by the historic stained glass, which adorn medieval cathedrals. Some stained glass colors are produced by metal nanoparticles of a fixed size, which interact with the optical field to give glass a vibrant red color.
Notre Dame de Paris
I tried to be simple as possible to get you to some comprehension all what you need to know about plasma. This is that we are doing in our research. As this word plasma says: molding or forming our products. Working with water, minerals and organic substance by trying to mimic nature and give to people best of it. And there is no limits what you can do in plasma. Everyone can find their plasma for their creativity and beneficial uses. It can be any domain but all you need to understand what you are doing with materials you work with, and how do you mold them. All matters, and all starts from your intention, which is the most important part, like a seed you choose to plant in right place and time, and you tend to care of it and share with others for any kind of benefit.
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